European Surveillance of Antibiotic Resistance (ESAR)

A Study of the European Society of Biomodulation and Chemotherapy

Participating Institutions

A core of 5 microbiological laboratories in Germany (Leipzig), Poland (Warzawa), Scotland (Aberdeen) and the Slovak Republic (Bratislava) have been screening all specimens tested for the occurence of alert organisms as defined in the study protocol since January 1, 1999.

The participating institutions are:

It is planned to extend the number of  laboratories as the study progresses.


ESBiC Datacenter Munich, 1999